I have searched the wonder that happens to be the internet to provide you with his guide to symbolism.
The search for someone or something that will restore rightness to the hero's world that involves hardships, monsters, or riddles (literal or figurative in nature like all of these)
The hero must perform a deed beyond the norm.
The Initiation or Transformation
The hero undergoes a hazing to pass from ignorance and immaturity to social and spiritual adulthood. It usually occurs in three stage: separation, transformation, and return and thusly may include the fall and death/rebirth
In search of information, the hero passes into a real or figurative hell from which he may emerge after he discovers the blackest truths of himself
The hero falls to a lower level from a comparative heaven after a loss of innocence and happiness because of a transgression, a wrong.
Death and Rebirth
Usually a metaphorical death,